Islam (90.39%) Hinduism (8.54%) Buddhism (0.60%) Christianity (0.37%) Others (0.14%)
Islam is the state religion of Bangladesh by article 2A of the constitution, however “the State shall ensure equal status and equal right in the practice of the Hindu, Buddhist, Christian and other religions”.
As per 2011 census Muslims constitute over 90% of the population, while Hindus constitute 8.5% and remaining rest constitute 1%.A survey in late 2003 confirmed that religion is the first choice by a citizen for self-identification. The Constitution denominates Islam, Hinduism, Christianity, and Buddhism.
Baitul Mukarram National Mosque of Bangladesh in Dhaka.
Males from around the Barashalghar union of Comilla’s Debidwar upazila can be seen attending Khutbah as part of the Eid-ul-Fitr prayers Main article: Islam in Bangladesh The Muslim population in Bangladesh was over 146 million in 2011, which makes up 90% percent of the population in the country. The Constitution of Bangladesh declares Islam as the state religion. Bangladesh is the fourth-largest Muslim-populated country. Muslims are the predominant community of the country and they form the majority of the population in all eight divisions of Bangladesh. Overwhelming majority of Muslims in Bangladesh are Bengali Muslims at 88%, but a small segment about 2% of them are Bihari Muslims and Assamese Muslims. Most Muslims in Bangladesh are Sunnis, but there is a small Shia community. Most of those who are Shia reside in urban areas. Although these Shias are few in number, Shia observance commemorating the martyrdom of Muhammad’s grandson, Husain ibn Ali, is widely observed by the nation’s Sunnis.Muslims celebrate Eid ul-Fitr, Eid ul-Adha, Muharram, Milad un Nabi, Shab-e-Barat and Chand Raat all across the country with much fanfare and grandeur. The annual Bishwa Ijtema is the largest and most notable congregation of Muslims in Bangladesh.
The Muslim community in the Bengal region developed independent of the dominant Islamic trends in India. Features of Bangladeshi Hinduism, which differed in some respects from Hinduism in other parts of South Asia, influenced both the practices and the social structure of the Bangladeshi Muslim community. In spite of the general personal commitment to Islam by the Muslims of Bangladesh, observance of Islamic rituals and tenets varies according to social position, locale, and personal considerations. In rural regions, some beliefs and practices tend to incorporate elements that differ from and often conflict with orthodox Islam.
Durga Puja celebrations in Dhakeshwari Temple, Dhaka Shiva Temple in Puthia, Rajshahi Main article: Hinduism in Bangladesh Hinduism is the second largest religious affiliation in Bangladesh, with around 14 million people identifying themselves as Hindus. Hindus make up about 8.5% of the total population. In terms of population, Bangladesh has the third largest Hindu community of the world, after India and Nepal. Bangladeshi Hindus are predominantly Bengali Hindus, but a distinct Hindu population also exists among the indigenous tribes like Garo, Khasi, Jaintia, Santhal, Bishnupriya Manipuri, Tripuri, Munda, Oraon, Dhanuk etc. Hindus are evenly distributed throughout all regions of Bangladesh, with significant concentrations in northern, southwestern and northeastern parts of the country. In nature, Bangladeshi Hinduism closely resembles the rituals and customs of Hinduism practised in the neighbouring Indian state of West Bengal, with which Bangladesh (at one time known as East Bengal) was united until the partition of India in 1947. Hindu festivals of Durga Puja , Rath Yatra and Janmashtami witness jubilant celebrations across various cities, towns and villages of Bangladesh.
Holy Rosary’s Church (Est.1677) in Dhaka
Christianity arrived in what is now Bangladesh during the late sixteenth to early seventeenth centuries AD, through the Portuguese traders and missionaries. Christians account for approximately 0.4% of the total population and they are mostly urban community. Roman Catholicism is predominant among the Bengali Christians, while the remaining are mostly Baptist and others. Few followers of Christianity are also present among certain indigenous tribal communities such as Garo, Santal, Orao, Chakma, khasi, Lushei, Bawm etc.
Sikhism Main article:
Gurdwara Nanak Shahi
Gurdwara Nanak Shahi at Dhaka There are approximately 100,000 people adhering to the religion of Sikhism. The presence of this religion goes back to the visitation of Guru Nanak in 1506–07 with some of his followers to spread Sikhism in the region of the present-day Bangladesh. When some Bengali people accepted this faith, a Sikh community was born. This community became bigger when almost 10,000 Sikhs came from India during the Bangladesh Liberation War. This community has made great progress in the country. Today there are almost 10 gurdwaras in Bangladesh. Among them only 7 are well-known, especially the Gurdwara Nanak Shahi beside the University of Dhaka in Dhaka, which was built in 1830, the oldest gurdwara in Bangladesh.
Bangladesh has a small Bahá’í community.
Bahá’ís have spiritual centres in Dhaka, Chittagong, Khulna, Rajshahi, Sylhet, Barisal, Rangpur, Mymensingh, Jessore, Rangamati and other places.
Bangladesh also has a tiny Brahmo Samaj community.
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS) and the Jehovah’s Witnesses also exist in Bangladesh.