ANGELS IN DIFFERENT RELIGIONSANGEL IN CHRISTIANITY: angels are agents of God, based on angels in Judaism. … As referred to in the theological doctrine of the communion of saints, in Paradise there is a common and unique vision of the truth and contemplation of the Face of God, without any kind of difference between angels or human souls. Angels are agents of god. An angel is generally a supernatural being found in various religions and mythologies… Later Christians inherited Jewish understanding of angels. Each of the three Abrahamic religion-Christianity, Judaism, and Islam-all acknowledge the existence of angels. However, these are not the only faiths to believe in these spiritual beings who act as intermediaries between God (heaven) and humanity. Other roles of angels include protecting and guiding human beings and carrying out tasks on behalf of god.
|9. ABATHAR MUZANIA||CHRISTIANITY||MANDAEISM|
|10. AGLIBOL||CHRISTIANITY||ANCIENT CANAANITE||10|
|13. BENE ELOHIM||CHRISTIANITY||JUDAISM|
|26. HANIBAL||CHRISTIANITY||ANCIENT MESOPOTAMIA|
|29. HAMALAT AL-ARSH||CHRISTIANITY||ISLAM|
|43. LAMASSU||ANCIENT MESOPOTAMIA|
|46. MALAKBEL||ANCIENT CANAANITE|
|49. MELEK TAUS||YAZDANISM|
|87. SONG-UTTERING CHOIRS||JUDAISM||15|
|89. TENNIN||JAPANESE BUDDHISM|
|99. YARHIBOL||ANCIENT CANAANITE|
In the early stage, the Christian concept of an angel characterized the angel as a messenger of God. Angels are spiritual beings who serve god. They are depicted as praising God at the time of creation, which suggests that they existed prior to that moment. The Greek word “angel” simply means messenger. Later came identification of individual angelic messenger Gabriel, Michael, Raphael, Uriel. within Protestantism, the Anglican and without tradition recognizes four angels as the archangel. Gabriel the archangel, Michael the Archangel, Raphael the Archangel.
Seven angels or Archangels are given as related to the Seven days of the week: Michael [Sunday], Gabriel [Monday] Raphael[Tuesday] Uriel [Wednesday] Selaphiel [Thursday] Raguel or Jegudiel [Friday] and Barachiel [Saterday].
Nine angelic figures represent Christ the king in the center with the nine angelic figure. Each of them Higher Row Dominions, Cherubim, Seraphim, and Angels Lower Row: Principalities, Thrones, Archangels Virtues, and power.
In Christian, the angel is the agent of god. According to medieval Christian theologians, the angels are organized into seven orders or Angelic choirs. First Sphere angels serve as the heavenly servants of God.
Seraphim [singular Seraph] is literally translated,” burning ones”. seraphim are the highest angelic class and they serve as the caretaker of god’s throne and continuously shout praises “Holy, Holy, Holy is the Lord of hosts. the whole earth is full of his glory. Cherubim: A cherub, as described by traditional Christian Cherubim Guard the way to the tree of life in the Garden of Eden and the throne of God. St. Thomas Aquinas imagined Satan as a fallen cherub.
The Thrones: The Christian theologians describe they are living symbols of god’s justice and authority and have as one of their symbols the throne. A throne is the seat of state of a potentate or dignity. Thrones as one of the choirs do not describe them as wheels. Describing them as adoring elder men who listen to the will of God and present the prayer of men.
Second sphere: Angels work as heavenly governors of the creation by subjecting matter and guiding and ruling the spirits. Dominions or Lordship: The Dominion regulates the duties of Lower angels. It is only with extreme rarity that the angelic Lord make themselves physically known to human. The Dominions believed to look like divinely beautiful humans.
Virtues or Strongholds: these angels are those through which signs and miracles are made in the world. Virtue or power.Power Authorities: The powers are the primary duty of the “power” is to supervise the movements of the heavenly bodies to ensure that the cosmos remains in the order to be warrior angels. They also oppose evil spirits, especially those that make use of matter in the universe and often cast evil spirits to detention places. There sphere Principalities or Rulers: Angels who function as heavenly guide’s protectors, and messengers to human beings. [Archangels]
ANGEL IN JUDAISM are supernatural beings that appear throughout the Tanakh (Hebrew Bible), rabbinic literature, Apocrypha and pseudepigrapha, and traditional Jewish liturgy. Angel act as messengers of God, angelic envoys, or general agents of God Hebrew lakh is the standard word for “messenger”, both human and divine, in the Tanakh (Hebrew Bible), though it is rarely used for human messengers in Modern Hebrew as the latter is usually denoted by the term shaliyah The noun derives from the verbal consonantal root meaning specifically “to send with a message” and with time was substituted with more applicable sh-l-h.In Biblical Hebrew, this root is attested only in this noun and in the noun “Mel’akah” meaning “work”, “occupation” or “craftsmanship”.
The morphological structure of the word mal’akh suggests that it is the maqtal form of the root denoting the tool or the means of performing it. The term Mal’akh therefore simply means the one who is sent, often translated as “messenger” when applied to humans; for instance, Mal’akh is the root of the name of the prophet Malachi, whose name means “my messenger”. In modern Hebrew, mal’akh is the general word for “angel”; it is also related to the words for “angel” in Arabic (malak) Aramaic and Ethiopic.
Rank: Maimonides, in his Mishneh Torah, counted ten ranks of angels in the Jewish angelic hierarchy, beginning from the highest
1.Chayot Ha Kodesh 2.Ophanim 3.Erelim 4.Hashmallim 5.Seraphim 6.Malakim [Messengers, angels] 7. Elohim [“Godly beings”]8.Bene Elohim [“Sons of Godly beings”] 9 Cherubim 10. Ishim
Rank: Zohar, in Exodus 43a, also lists ten ranks of angels, beginning from the highest:
1.Malakim 2.Erelim 3.Seraphim 4.Chayot 5.Ophanim 6.Hashmallim 7.Elim 8.Elohim 9.Bene Elohim 10.Ishim
Rank: Maseket Atzilut,Jacob Nazir, in his Maseket Atzilut, also listed ten ranks of angels, beginning from the highest:
1.Seraphim 2.Ophanim 3.Cherubim 4.Shinanim 5.Tarshishim 6.Ishim 7.Hashmallim 8.Malakim 9.Bene Elohim 10.Erelim
Rank: Berit Menuchah, Abraham ben Isaac of Granada, in his Berit Menuchah, also listed ten ranks of angels, beginning from the highest:
1.Erelim 2.Ishim 3.Bene Elohim 4.Malakim 5.Hashmallim 6.Tarshishim 7.Shinnanim 8.Cherubim 9.Ophanim 10.Seraphim
Rank: Reshit Chochmah,Eliyahu de Vidas, in his Reshit Chochmah, also listed ten ranks of angels, beginning from the highest:
1.Chayot Ha Kodesh 2.Ophanim 3.Seraphim 4.Cherubim 5.Erelim 6.Tarshishim 7.Hashmallim 8.Elim 9.Malakim 10.Ishim
The Talmud names four angels who would later be known as archangels, surrounding God’s throne: As the Holy One blessed be He created four winds (directions) and four banners (for Israel’s army), so also did He make four angels surround His Throne—Michael, Gabriel, Uriel, and Raphael.
Book of Enoch mentions seven holy angels who watch, that often are considered the seven archangels: Michael, Raphael, Gabriel, Uriel, Saraqael, Raguel, and Remiel. The Life of Adam and Eve lists the archangels as well: Michael, Gabriel, Uriel, Raphael, and Joel.ANGELIN ISLAM: Muslims believe that angels or Malaikah, were created before humans with the pure of following the order of Allah and communicating with humans. Muslims believe that angels, like all other creatures, were created by god. In Islamic belief, angels communicate messages from Allah to humanity.
In some kabbalah-based systems of ceremonial magic, all four of the main archangels, [Gabriel, Michael, Raphael, and Uriel] are invoked as guarding the four quarters, or directions and their corresponding colors are associated with magical properties. In Islam angels Arabic Malak, plural malai’kah are believing to be celestial beings created from a luminous origin by god. They have different functions, including praising God in heavens, interacting with humans’ ordinary life, carrying laws of nature.
The role of angels in Islam
• they act as messengers to the prophets
• they care of people.
• they record everything a person does and this information is used on the day of judgment.
• Izrail, the angels of death, takes people’s souls to God when they die.
• they welcome Muslims into paradise and also supervise the pits of hell.
Samyaza was an angel who fell and married a human woman, Lilith (later Morgan). He fought over Noah’s ark in Eye of the Oracle as a leader of the Watchers. In the Book of Giants, Shemyaza begets two sons, who together battle the Leviathan. However, they are not portrayed as heroic, but as boasting about their own victory; a symbol of royal failure to keep one’s power in this world, as after the defeat of the Leviathan, Shemyaza and his offspring are slain by the four punishing angels. Manichaean theology taught a dualistic view of good and evil. A key belief in Manichaeism is that the powerful, though not omnipotent good power (God), was opposed by the eternal evil power (devil).
Humanity, the world, and the soul are seen as the by-product of the battle between God’s proxy, Primal Man, and the devil. Manichaeism (“bright religion”) is still practiced in today’s China, as an extremely small minority. There is even a Chinese Manichaean Council with representatives in Beijing and Tibet. … there is no more strong community of Manichaeans in this region of the world.
To be Manichean is to follow the philosophy of Manichaeism, which is an old religion that breaks everything down into good or evil. … If you believe in the Manichean idea of dualism, you tend to look at things as having two sides that are opposed.
Theistic dualism. In theology, dualism can refer to the relationship between God and creation or God and the universe. This form of dualism is a belief shared in certain traditions of Christianity and Hinduism.
Tennin is believed to live in the Buddhist heaven as the companions to the Buddhas and Bodhisattvas. Some legends also make certain tennin solitary creatures living on mountain peaks. Pilgrims sometimes climb these mountains in order to meet the holy spirits.
Tennin can fly, a fact generally indicated in art by their colored or feathered kimonos, called hagoromo In some legends, tennin are unable to fly without these kimonos (and thus cannot return to heaven). More rarely, they are shown with feathered wings. In a Noh play Hagoromo, which bears a number of similarities to the Western swan maiden legends, tennyo come to the earth and take off their hagoromo. A fisherman spies them and hides their clothes in order to force one to marry him. After some years he tells his wife what he did, and she finds her clothes and returns to heaven. The legend says it occurred on the beach of Miho no Matsubara, now a part of the city of Shizuoka.
The Sethians, one of many ancient Gnostic groups, flourished in the Mediterranean region at the time of nascent Christianity. It is probably older than the first Christian churches. Predominantly Judaic in foundation, and strongly influenced by Platonism, Sethianism provided a synthesis of Judaic and Greek thought with its own distinct interpretation of cosmic creation. The group derived its name from the veneration of the biblical Seth, third son of Adam and Eve. Sethian creation myths portray him as a divine Incarnation.
Sethianism influence spread throughout the Mediterranean and into the later systems of the Thomasine’s, the Basilideans, and the Valentinians. In particular, Sethianism influenced the content of some gnostic Christian gospels such as the Gospel of Judas, which offered a radically different view of Jesus’ teachings than was common among mainstream Christians.
In ancient Egypt, Set (also spelled Sutekh, Setesh, Seth) was originally the god of the desert, one of the two main biomes that constitute Egypt (the other being the small fertile area on either side of the Nile). Despite these relatively morally-neutral origins, Set’s character evolved over time, such that he eventually became characterized as the villain of the mythic system. For example, these later mythic materials describe the god murdering Osiris and contending with Horus, in an attempt to usurp the celestial throne.
Eleleth is an angel in Gnostic cosmology and one of the four Sethian luminaries. Eleleth appears in Hypostasis of the Archons, Apocryphon of John, and The Three Forms of the First found is probably mentioned in the Gospel of Judas as El. The Hypostasis of the Archons Eleleth comes down from heaven to save Norea after she cried out to the Monad for help against the Archons, who try to seize her. After Eleleth appeared, the Archons withdraw from Norea, and Eleleth informs Norea about her true origin and the origin of the world.
Yezidism is the oldest and the first truly monotheistic faith in the world. Yazidis believe in single god as creator of the world .which he has placed under the care of these 7 [Seven] holy being or “Angels’ whose chief [archangel] is Melek Taus, the ‘peacock Angel. The ‘Peacock Angel’ as the world-Ruler, Causes both good and bad to befall individuals. And this ambivalent character is reflected in myths of his own temporary fall from God’s favor before his remorseful tears extinguished the fires of his hellish prison and he was reconciled with God.
Yazidism believes in seven benevolent divine being defend the world from an equal number of malign entities. While this concept involves seven saints or spiritual person which are called ‘Yedi Ulu Ozan’. Melek Taus is sometimes identified by Muslims and Christian with Satan. However, Yazidis strongly dispute this considering him to be the Leader of the archangels, not a fallen angel. Most notoriously Yazidis are ‘Devil Worshiper”. The Yazidi calendar states that the religion as well as the universe, is the almost 7000 years old and 5000 years old in the Gregorian calendar & Jewish 1000 years old.
Abathar Muzania is a demiurge mentioned in the literature of Mandaeism. He is described as having the responsibility of weighing the souls of the deceased to determine their worthiness using a weighing scale. He is also described as being the angel of Polaris.
Donning simple white robes that they say are identical to the one God gave to Adam, they immerse themselves in the muddy waters of the Tigris and invoke “the angels of creation” to wash away their sins. They are Mandaeans, the descendants of one of Iraq’s oldest religious minorities that they claim predates Islam, Christianity, and even perhaps Judaism.
Hannibal Carthaginians did not use hereditary surnames but were typically distinguished from others bearing the same name using patronymics or epithets. Although he is by far the most famous Hannibal when further clarification is necessary he is usually referred to as “Hannibal, son of Hamilcar”, or Hannibal the Barcid, the latter term applying to the family of his father, Hamilcar Barca. Barca is a Semitic cognomen meaning “lightning” or “thunderbolt”, a surname acquired by Hamilcar on account of the swiftness and ferocity of his attacks. Although they did not inherit the surname from their father, Hamilcar’s progeny are collectively known as the Bards. Modern historians occasionally refer to Hannibal’s brothers as “Hasdrubal Barca” and “Mago Barca” to distinguish them from the multitudes of other Carthaginians named Hasdrubal and Mago, but this practice is ahistorical and is rarely applied to Hannibal.
Hannibal was a common Carthaginian personal name. It is a combination of the common Carthaginian masculine given name Hanno with the Northwest Semitic Canaanite deity Baal (lit. “lord”). Its precise vocalization remains a matter of debate. Suggested readings include Ḥannobaʿal, Ḥannibaʿl, or Ḥannibaʿal, meaning “Baʿal/The Lord is gracious”, “Baʿal Has Been Gracious”, or “The Grace of Baʿal”. Greek historians rendered the name as Anníbas.
Lamassu In the cultures of ancient Mesopotamia, this fearsome creature was known as the lamassu. Lamassu were supernatural spirits, sometimes called demons or genies depending on which language you’re translating from, who served to protect the gods, as well as the important human structures. Lamassu always had the body (and therefore strength) of a bull, but the head (and therefore intelligence) of a human. They very often had wings of eagles as well. If that doesn’t keep evil off your doormat, nothing will.
Canaanite religion refers to the group of ancient Semitic religions practiced by the Canaanites living in the ancient Levant from at least the early Bronze Age through the first centuries of the Common Era. Canaanite religion was polytheistic and in some Monolatristic. Malakbel, the god of the sun, Vegetation, welfare, angel of Bal and brother of Agilbol. Part of the trinity of deities in Palmyra, Syria along with Aglibol and Baalshamin.
A great number of deities in a four-tier hierarchy headed by El and Asherah were worshiped by the followers of the Canaanite religion; this is a detailed listing:
• Adonis, the god of youth, beauty, and desire, son of Astarte. In Greek mythology, he is the lover of Aphrodite and Persephone. Linked to the planet Mercury.
• Aglibol, the god of the moon and brother of Malakbel. Part of a trio of gods of Palmyra, Syria along with Bel and Yarhibol. Also part of another trio with Baalshamin and Malakbel.
• Anat, virgin goddess of war and strife, sister and putative mate of Ba’al Hadad.
• Arsay, goddess of the underworld, one of the three daughters of Ba’al Hadad.
• Arsu, the god of the evening star and twin brother of Azizos.
• Athirat, “walker of the sea”, Mother Goddess, wife of El (also known as Elat and after the Bronze Age as Asherah)
• Ashtoreth or Athtart, better known by her Greek name Astarte, is the goddess of war, love, and fertility, is the sister of Anat and assists her in the Myth of Ba’al
• Ashtar-Chemosh, wife of Chemosh and goddess of the Moabites.
• Asherah, queen consort of El (Ugaritic religion), Elkunirsa (Hittite religion), Yahweh (Israelite religion), Amurru (Amorite religion), Anu (Akkadian religion) and ‘Amm (Religion in pre-Islamic Arabia) Symbolized by an Asherah pole, a common sight in ancient Canaan.
• Ashima, goddess of fate
• Atargatis, wife of Hadad, goddess of fertility and the chief goddess of northern Syria
• Attar, the god of the morning star (“son of the morning”) who tried to take the place of the dead Baal and failed. The male counterpart of Athtart.
• Azizos, the god of the morning star and twin brother of Arsu.
• Baalah, properly Baʿalah, the wife or female counterpart of Baal (also Belili)
• Ba’alat Gebal, goddess of Byblos, Phoenicia. She was distinguished in iconography to Astarte or similar goddesses by two, tall, upright feathers in her headdress.
• Ba’al Hadad (lit. master of thunder), the god of storms, thunder, lightning, and air. King of the gods. Uses the weapons Driver and Chaser in battle. Often referred to as Baalshamin.
• Ba’al Hermon, the titular local deity of Mount Hermon.
• Baal Hammon, the god of fertility and renewer of all energies in the Phoenician colonies of the Western Mediterranean.
• Baalshamin also called Baal Shamem and Baal Shamim, supreme sky god of Palmyra, Syria whose temple was destroyed on August 23, 2015, by ISIL terrorists. His attributes were the eagle and the lightning bolt. Part of the trinity of deities along with Aglibol and Malakbel.
• Baal-siphon or Baalzephon, properly Baʿal Zaphon or Ṣaphon. The alternate form of Baal Hadad as lord of Mount Zaphon.
• Bel or Bol, was the chief god of Palmyra, Syria whose temple was destroyed on August 30, 2015, by ISIL terrorists.
• Chemosh, possibly one of the sons of El, a god of war and destruction and the national god of the Moabites and the Ammonites.
• Dagon (Dagan) god of crop fertility and grain, father of Ba’al Hadad
• El, also called ‘Il or Elyon (“Most High”), the god of creation, husband of Athirat.[i] • Eshmun, god, or as Baalat Asclepius, goddess, of healing
• Gad, the god of fortune
• Horon, an underworld god, co-ruler of the underworld, twin brother of Melqart, a son of Mot. Bethoron in Israel, takes its name from Horon.
• Ishara, goddess of oath and wife of Dagon
• Ishat, goddess of fire, wife of Moloch. She was slain by Anat.
• Kotharat, seven goddesses of marriage and pregnancy
• Kothar-was-Khasis, the skilled god of craftsmanship, created Yagrush and Aymur (Driver and Chaser) the weapons used by the god Ba’al Hadad
• Liluri, goddess of mountains and wife of Manzi. Bulls were sacrificed to both of them.
• Lotan, the twisting, seven-headed serpent ally of Yam.
• Malakbel, the god of the sun, vegetation, welfare, angel of Bel and brother of Agilbol. Part of a trinity of deities in Palmyra, Syria along with Aglibol and Baalshamin.
• Manuzi, the god of weather and husband of Liluri. Bulls were sacrificed to both of them.
• Marqod, the god of dance
• Melqart, “king of the city”, the god of Tyre, the underworld and cycle of vegetation in Tyre, co-ruler of the underworld, twin brother of Horon and son of Mot.
• Misor, twin brother of Sydyk.
• Moloch, the putative god of fire, husband of Ishat
• Mot or Mawat, the god of death (not worshiped or given offerings)
• Nikkal-was-Ib, goddess of orchards and fruit
• Pidray, goddess of light and lightning, one of the three daughters of Ba’al Hadad.
• Qadeshtu, lit. “Holy One”, putative goddess of love, desire, and lust. Also the title of Asherah.
• Resheph, the god of plague and of healing
• Shadrafa, the god of medicine or healing
• Shachar and Shalim, twin mountain gods of dawn and dusk, respectively. Shalim was linked to the netherworld via the evening star and associated with peace
• Shamayim, (lit. “Skies”), the god of the heavens, paired with Eretz, the land or earth
• Shapash, also transliterated Shapshu, goddess of the sun; sometimes equated with the Mesopotamian sun god Shamash, whose gender is disputed. Some authorities consider Shamash a goddess.
• Sydyk, the god of righteousness or justice, sometimes twinned with Minor and linked to the planet Jupiter
• Talley, the goddess of winter, snow, cold and dew, one of the three daughters of Ba’al Hadad.
• Yam (lit. sea-river) the god of the sea and the river, also called Judge Nahar (judge of the river
• Yarhibol, solar god and “lord of the spring”. Part of a trinity of co-supreme gods of Palmyra, Syria along with Aglibol and Bel.
• Yarikh, the god of the moon and husband of Nikkal, separated husband of Shapash the sun goddess.